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Learn about NDA and Naval Academy exam 2021 eligibility criteria, syllabus, exam pattern, study plan, vacancies, salary, and more


The exam for admissions into the Defence and Naval Academy is one of the country's most competitive and sought-after entrance exams. The Academy conducts the exams twice a year for admission to the Indian Army, Navy, and Air Force.

NDA and Naval Academy Examination-II 2021 Important Dates

Release of the Application form09 June 2021
Last date to apply for NDA and Naval Academy Examination-II 202129 June 2021
Release of the admit card20 August 2021
NDA and Naval Academy Examination-II 2021 Written exam05 September 2021
Declaration of written resultDecember 2021
SSB InterviewJanuary - April 2022

Eligibility Criteria for NDA and Naval Academy Examination-II 2021


Citizen of India/Nepal/Bhutan.

Candidates will have to get the certificate of eligibility issued by the Government of India in the following cases-

  • A Tibetan refugee who came to India before January 1, 1962, to settle permanently.
  • A person with Indian origin migrated from Burma, Sri Lanka, Pakistan & East African Countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, and Ethiopia or Vietnam to permanently settle in India.

Age limit

For the NDA II exam, the candidate must have born not earlier than January 2, 2003, and not later than January 1, 2006.

Educational Qualifications

TrainingEducational Qualification (as of 24 Jun 2022)
For Army Wing of National Defence Academy12th Class pass of the 10+2 pattern of School Education or equivalent examination conducted by a State Education Board or a University.
For Air Force and Naval Wings of National Defence Academy and the 10+2 Cadet Entry Scheme at the Indian Naval Academy12th Class pass of the 10+2 pattern of School Education or equivalent with Physics and Mathematics conducted by a State Education Board or a University.

Physical Standards

The specific physical standard requirements are given in detail in the official notification. The trainee needs to be in good health as the training demands a lot of physical exertion.

NDA and Naval Academy Examination-II 2021 Application Fee

CategoryApplication fee
Male Unmarried Candidates₹ 100
SC/ST candidatesexempted

How to Apply for NDA and Naval Academy Examination-II 2021

  1. Visit HTTPS:// to access the home page of the "ONLINE APPLICATION".
  2. Click on the "Online application" link on the homepage.
  3. Go to the "Examination" menu.
  4. Click on "Registration" and proceed with the application.
  5. Fill out your personal information carefully.
  6. Pay the application fee of Rs. 100/- [except the candidates exempted from paying the fee] either by depositing the money in any branch of SBI by cash or using the net banking facility of State Bank of India or using any Visa/MasterCard/Rupay Credit/Debit Card.
  7. Upload the document for photo identification (viz. Aadhar Card/ Voter Card/ PAN Card/ Passport/ Driving License/ School Photo ID/Any other photo ID Card issued by the State/Central Government)
  8. Once done, take the printout of the application form.

Admit card for NDA and NA Examination II 2021

The admit card for NDA and NA Examination II 2021 can be downloaded from the official website - click here. The link for downloading the admit card will be activated about three weeks before the exam. You can access your admit card by following the steps.

  1. Visit the official website here.
  2. Under the "What's new" column, you will find the links for the latest updates and releases.
  3. You will find the direct link to access UPSC NDA and NA-II 2021 under this column when it is released.
  4. Click on the link, and you will see a page of important instructions for the candidates. Go through the instructions carefully.
  5. After accepting the terms, enter your details into the e-Admit card portal.
  6. Enter your registration ID/Roll number and password and submit.
  7. The portal will direct you to your e-Admit card page. Verify the validity of your details mentioned in the admit card.
  8. Take a printout of your e-Admit card.
  9. You will be asked to produce the admit card to enter the UPSC NDA and NA-II 2021 exam hall.

NDA and Naval Academy Examination-II 2021 Vacancy

National Defence AcademyTotal: 307 {Army: 208, Navy: 42, Air Force:120(28 for ground duties)}
Naval Academy (10+2 Cadet Entry Scheme)30

NDA selection process

The candidates who clear the NDA examination become eligible for selection into training academies of the Indian Navy, Indian Military, and Air Force. The admission into the defence training academy is made in two phases - a written exam and a Personal Interview.

After clearing the written test, candidates will go through an Interview round.

On successful completion of written test, SSB interview & medical examination, adept candidates will be considered eligible for entry into the NDA.

Phase 1: Written exam

Description - Objective type questions for a total of 900 marks.

Duration - 5 hours

The UPSC will release a list of candidates who have obtained the minimum qualifying marks in the written examination. The examination committee does not disclose the minimum qualifying marks. Qualifying candidates are eligible to appear before a Services Selection Board for Intelligence and Personality test.

Phase 2: SSB Interview

The SSB procedure extends to a period of 5 days and consists of a two-stage selection process - stage-I and stage-II, weighing a total of 900 marks. Only those candidates who clear stage-I are allowed to appear for stage II.

Stage I

Intelligence Test: aims at testing the logic and analytical aptitude of the candidate.

Picture Perception and Discussion Test: the examiner will show a picture to candidates on which they will be required to form an opinion on characters like age, mood, etc. Based on these characters, candidates have to write a story, which will be evaluated based on expression, clarity of knowledge, grammar and logic.

Result passing of stage-I Test: combines intelligence rating, language, gesture, and overall performance of the candidate in stage-I.

Candidates who clear this round will be eligible for stage-II.

Stage II

Psychological Test: A psychologist will assess your personality based on inputs given on a questionnaire. Your answers should look like natural responses and not preconceived.

GTO Test: This round is designed to interact with candidates. Things like body language, mind, or physical and mental qualities are observed. Social skills and confidence is judged.

Interview: is conducted by a senior and experienced officer of the armed forces. This round is personal in nature. You might be asked to describe your personal experiences, opinions and accomplishments.

Conference: This is the final round of the assessments discussion and the candidate’s strengths and weaknesses. The selection committee will analyze all the candidates to see whether they can be trained to become an officer.

Final selection

The final list of qualifying candidates is placed in a single combined list. The results will be based on the candidates' performance in written tests and their interviews. The NDA will make up the final allocation/selection to the number of vacancies available.

NDA and Naval Academy Examination (II) 2021 pattern

SubjectMax. MarksDuration
Mathematics3002 hours 30 minutes
General Ability test6002 hours 30 minutes
TOTAL9005 hours

Marking Scheme - For each wrong response given by the candidate, one-third of the score assigned for a correct answer will be deducted.

(If a correct answer fetches you +1 marks, a wrong answer deducts 0.33 marks.)

Marking more than one answer for one question will be considered as a wrong answer.

NDA and Naval Academy Examination (II) 2021 Syllabus

Paper 1: MATHEMATICS (300 marks)


  • Sets - the concept of sets, operations on sets, Venn diagrams, binary operations, cartesian product
  • Complex numbers - basic properties of complex numbers, modulus and argument of a complex number, cube roots of unity.
  • Binary system of numbers - Conversion of a number in decimal system to binary system and vice-versa.
  • Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions.
  • Quadratic equations - finding roots of quadratic equations with real coefficients.
  • Permutations, Combinations, binomial theorem and their applications.
  • Solving linear inequalities of two variables by graphical method.
  • Logarithms and their applications.


  • Types of matrices, operations on matrices, basic properties of determinants.
  • Determinant of a matrix.
  • Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix.
  • Applications of matrices - Solution of a system of linear equations having two or three variables by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method.


  • Measurement of angles in degrees and radians.
  • Trigonometrical ratios, identities, sum and difference formulae, Multiple and sub-multiple angles formulae.
  • Inverse trigonometric functions.
  • Applications of trigonometry- Heights and distances, properties of triangles.


  • Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system - Distance formula, equation of a line and a plane in various forms, the angle between two lines/planes, the distance of a point from a line.
  • Equation of a circle and equation of a sphere in a general form.
  • Conic sections - standard forms of parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola; eccentricity and axis of a conic, point in a three-dimensional space.


  • Concept of a real-valued function – domain, range, and graph of a function. Different types of functions - composite, injective, surjective, bijective function.
  • The concept of limit, determination of some standard limits.
  • Continuity of functions, binary operations on continuous functions.
  • Derivative of function at a given point, geometrical and physical interpretation of derivatives, and applications of derivatives.
  • Product formula and quotient formula of functions. Derivative of a function w.r.t another function.
  • Second-order derivatives.
  • Increasing and decreasing functions.
  • Application of derivatives.


  • Integration as the inverse of differentiation.
  • Determination of standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential, and hyperbolic functions.
  • Evaluation of integrals by substitution and by parts.
  • Evaluation of definite integrals - calculation of areas under a curve and applications.
  • Differential equations - definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation based on given conditions.
  • General and particular solution of differential equations. Solutions of differential equations of the first and second degree.
  • Application in problems of growth and decay.


  • Vectors in two and three dimensions. Magnitude and direction of a vector. Unit vectors and null vectors.
  • Operations on vectors - addition of two vectors, scalar multiplication of a vector, scalar product and cross product of two vectors.
  • Applications- problems on work done by a force, calculation of moment of a force and some geometrical problems.


  • Statistics: Classification and distribution of data.
  • Graphical representation—Histogram, Pie Chart, frequency polygon.
  • Measures of Central tendency—Mean, median and mode.
  • Determination of Variance and standard deviation of a distribution.
  • Probability: experiment, outcomes, and associated sample space. Classification of events and the difference between them. Union and intersection of events.
  • Definition of probability and Elementary theorems on probability.
  • Conditional probability - Bayes’ theorem, binomial distribution

Paper 2: GENERAL ABILITY TEST (600 marks)

Part A - ENGLISH (200 marks)

  • Questions will be based on Grammar and its usage, vocabulary, comprehension, and cohesion in extended text to test the candidate’s proficiency in English.

Part B - GENERAL KNOWLEDGE (400 marks)

This section on General Knowledge will broadly cover the subjects: Physics, Chemistry, General Science, Social Studies, Geography, and Current Events. It contains the following sections -

Section A - Physics

Weightage: 25%

  • Physical properties of matter - mass, weight, volume, etc and States of matter, the principle of Archimedes, pressure barometer.
  • The motion of objects - Velocity and acceleration, Newton’s Laws of Motion, force and momentum, parallelogram law of forces, stability and equilibrium of bodies, Gravitation, Work, Power and Energy.
  • Heat and Thermodynamics - thermal effects, measurement of temperature and heat, change of state and latent heat, transference of heat.
  • Sound waves and their properties, working of simple musical instruments.
  • Optics - Rectilinear propagation of Light, Reflection and refraction, spherical mirrors and Lenses, Human Eye.
  • Electricity and Magnetism - properties of a magnet, Earth as a magnet, Static and Current Electricity, conductors and Non-conductors, Ohm’s law, simple electrical circuits, magnetic effects of electric current, measurement of electrical power, primary and secondary cells.
  • General Principles of devices like a simple pendulum, pulleys, siphon, levers, microscopes, X-ray machines, telescopes, compass, conductors, safety fuses, etc

Section B - Chemistry

Weightage: 15%

  • Physical and Chemical changes.
  • Elements, Mixtures and Compounds Symbols and Formulae of simple chemical compounds, simple chemical equations, Laws of chemical combination
  • Preparation and properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon-dioxide. Oxidation and Reduction. Acids, bases and salts. Carbon - different forms.
  • Fertilizers - Natural and Artificial. The material used to prepare substances like soap, glass, ink, paper, cement, paints, safety matches, and Gunpowder.
  • Mole concept, Structure of an Atom

Section C - General Science

Weightage: 10%

  • Difference between the living and non-living. Basis of Life - Cells, Protoplasms, and Tissues.
  • Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals, elementary knowledge of the Human Body and its important organs.
  • Common Epidemics, their causes and prevention.
  • Food - Source of energy for man. Constituents of food, balanced diet.
  • The Solar System—Meteors and comets, eclipses. Achievements of eminent scientists.

Section D - History, Freedom Movement etc.

Weightage: 20%

  • Indian History -Culture and Civilisation. Important Freedom Movements in India.
  • Indian Constitution and Administration, Five Year Plans of India. Working of Panchayati Raj, Co-operatives and Community Development.
  • Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State,
  • Forces shaping the modern world; Renaissance, War of American Independence, French Revolution, Industrial Revolution, Russian Revolution.
  • Impact of Science and Technology on Society.
  • Role of India in the present world.

Section E - Geography

Weightage: 20%

  • The Earth, its composition, shape and size. Lattitudes and Longitudes, standard meridians.
  • Movements of Earth and their effects.
  • Rocks and their classification; Movement of Earth plates, Earthquakes, Volcanoes, Ocean Currents, atmospheric pressure difference and its effects
  • Major Natural regions of the World.
  • Geography of India - Climate, Natural vegetation, Mineral and Power resource
  • Important Sea ports and main sea, land and air routes of India.
  • Main Imports and Exports of India.

Section F - Current Events

Weightage: 10%

  • Knowledge of Important events that have happened in India in recent years. Current important world events.
  • Prominent personalities around the world

NDA and Naval Academy Examination 2021 Result

The UPSC will release a list of roll numbers of candidates qualifying for the SSB interview round. The qualifying candidates must register themselves for the recruitment process at within two weeks of release. After successful registration, the recruiting body will inform the date and centre for the SSB interview to the candidate via email.

NDA and Naval Academy Examination 2021 Scorecard

The UPSC will be releasing the individual scorecard a week after declaring the result for NDA and Naval Academy Examination. The scorecard will contain the section-wise score of candidates and will be available for download on the website.

NDA and NA Examination II Cut-off 2021

The minimum qualifying marks for each subject in the written examination for NDA and Naval Academy is 25% - 30%. Candidates must score above this cut-off to be eligible for the next round of Selection. The subject-wise cut-off for NDA and NA Examination II 2021 will be released shortly after the enlistment procedure. The UPSC has conducted the NDA and NA Examination I on 18 April 2021 and is set to conduct NDA and NA Examination II on 05 September 2021. The selection board will soon release the dates for SSB interviews for qualified candidates. The SSB interviews are expected to be conducted in the months of July-September. The cut-off list for each stage of the selection process is expected to be released in December 2021 by the UPSC on its official website.

Job Profile

NDA and Naval Academy Examination is the gateway to enter the Indian Defence Service as a Grade-A officer. Once your training period in the Academy is over, you will be appointed to the Lieutenant post in the Indian Defence services. During the training period, you will be receiving a fixed stipend of INR 56,100 per month, among various perks and allowances. This stipend is set throughout your training. After completing the training at the Academy, NDA graduates are appointed to a Grade-A Lieutenant post in the Indian Army, Indian Navy or the Indian Air Force. After the initial assignment, the Indian Defence Services officers are susceptible to career growth based on years of experience and Selection.

Training fee

The government will bear the cost of training, including accommodation, books, uniforms, boarding and medical treatment. Cadets will be required to meet their pocket and other private expenses.

Stipend : ₹ 56,100 per month


Pocket allowance for 5 months₹ 15,000 (₹ 3000/month)
Equipments₹ 21,831
Army Group Insurance Fund₹ 7,200
Clothing items₹ 8,681
Incidentals₹ 7,138
TOTAL₹ 59,850


The in-hand Salary of NDA graduates is ₹ 56,100 - 1,77,500 (Grade pay 10)

The grade pay of Indian Defence Services officers varies with Rank.

Rank-wise salary

Lieutenant₹ 56,100 – 1,77,500Level 10
Captain₹ 6,13,00-1,93,900Level 10 B
Major₹ 6,94,00 – 2,07,200Level 11
Lieutenant Colonel₹ 1,21,200 – 2,12400Level 12 A
Colonel₹ 1,30,600-2, 15,900Level 13
Brigadier₹ 1,39,600-2,17,600Level 13 A
Major General₹ 1,44,200-2,18,200Level 14
Lieutenant General HAG Scale₹ 1, 82, 200-2,24,100Level 15
HAG+Scale₹ 2,05,400 – 2,24,400Level 16
VCOAS/Army Cdr/ Lieutenant General (NFSG)₹ 2,25,000/-(fixed)Level 17
COAS₹ 2,25,000/-(fixed)Level 18

NDA and NA Examination I 2021 Exam Analysis

The NDA and NA Examination-I 2021 was conducted on 18 April 2021 across the country, and over 4.5 lakh candidates appeared for the exam.

The difficulty level of the Mathematics section was suggested to be Moderate, and the General Ability test was easy to moderate.

The cut-off is anticipated to be around 370-390 marks out of 900.

Preparation tips for NDA and Naval Academy Examination-II 2021

  • Previous years question papers - links to last year's papers of NDA examination are given further below in the article. Solve these papers to get an idea of the pattern and type of questions.
  • For Mathematics, solve all NCERT exercises and exemplar questions. Make a habit of solving at least 50 questions of mathematics every day.
  • In the Physics section, 25-30 are expected. The level of question will be comparable to CBSE classes 11 and 12. Practising NCERT exercises and exemplar problems is sufficient.
  • In the Chemistry section, questions are mostly based on chemical formulae and reactions. NCERT textbooks cover all the topics in the syllabus for the NDA examination. Questions from the mole concept and inorganic chemistry are frequently asked.
  • For social sciences, refer to NCERT textbooks as the topics are given in concise points.
  • For general awareness, make a habit of reading newspapers every day. The Hindu and Indian Express are recommended. Make a note of important events as you go.

Question Papers

YearGeneral AbilityMathematics
2021 (I)click hereclick here
2020 (I & II)click hereclick here
2019 (II)click hereclick here
2019 (I)click hereclick here
2018 (II)click hereclick here
2018 (I)click hereclick here
2017 (II)click hereclick here
2017 (I)click hereclick here

Recommended Books for NDA exam


Book nameAuthor/Publication
Mathematics Textbook of Class 11 and Class 12NCERT
Mathematics for NDA and NAR.S Aggarwal/ S Chand publication
NDA Entrance ExamE. S. Ramasamy


Book nameAuthor/Publication
Objective General EnglishSP Bakshi
High School English Grammar and CompositionWren & Martin
Word Power Made EasyNorman & Lewis

General Knowledge

SubjectBook nameAuthor/Publication
PhysicsPhysics Textbook for classes 11 and 12, Exemplary Problems in PhysicsNCERT
ChemistryChemistry Textbook for classes 11 and 12, Exemplary Problems in ChemistryNCERT
General ScienceScience Textbooks for classes 9 and 10NCERT
HistoryHistory texbooks for classes 11 and 12NCERT
GeographyGeography texbooks for classes 11 and 12NCERT
Current eventsCompetition success review, Manorama YearbookNCERT

Study plan for NDA and Naval Academy Examination-II 2021

Syllabus: syllabus for the NDA examination is vast. Covering all the topics in the syllabus is very important. The mathematics and science syllabus includes almost all the topics prescribed by NCERT for CBSE classes 11 and 12. For social sciences, topics are included from CBSE classes 9 and 10. Don't stick to just one or few reference books just because they are recommended. Solve a maximum number of multiple-choice questions for practice. You can also rely on the internet for some topics. Don't limit yourself to only conventional sources.

Making notes: make notes as you proceed through the list. These notes should be crisp and to the point. Include mindmaps and flowcharts wherever appropriate. Use these notes for revision.

General Studies: Questions in this section are from various topics like the history of India, geography, politics, current affairs etc. NCERT class 11 and 12 textbooks come in handy while studying for this paper. Reading Newspapers will strengthen your current affairs knowledge. Make a note of important events, and you read. Monthly magazines and yearbooks contain all the information under one title. Get a subscription for competition success review or Manorama yearbook.

Stay updated with the NDA and Naval Academy Examination (II)-2021 details and keep track of the developments to ensure you don't miss out on important deadlines. Make sure you take a copy of the application fee receipt for reference. Carefully read the instructions given in the notification. Make proper arrangements for internet connectivity and a working device to fill out the application form without hassle. Go through previous years papers to stay familiar with the syllabus and exam pattern to stay on top and move closer to your dream of joining the prestigious Academy.

You can access the official notification through the link - [click here)]

The details for NDA and Naval Academy Examination II are given here.