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GATE exam 2021 eligibility criteria, syllabus, exam pattern, study plan, vacancies, salary, and more


IIT Kharagpur will conduct GATE, Graduate Aptitude Test Engineering, a national-level engineering entrance exam for the 2022 session. By getting the GATE scorecard, one can get admission in the M.Tech program administered by the prestigious NITs/IITs or research programs, receive a job in a PSU, go for higher studies in international universities. The GATE examination is conducted jointly by either IIT Bombay, IISc Bangalore, IIT Guwahati, IIT Kharagpur, IIT Madras or IIT Roorkee on a rotational basis. The authority has released the latest brochure PDF on the official website of IIT Kharagpur.


Examination nameGraduate Aptitude Test in Engineering
Administered ByJointly by IISc Bangalore & Seven IITs
Conducting body (this year)IIT Kharagpur
Examination purposeQualifying Examination for M. Tech/ M.E./ Ph.D. admissions & PSU Recruitment
Mode of ExaminationCBT (Computer-Based Mode)
Mode of ApplicationOnline
Examination Duration3 Hours
Number of Exam Cities195 (excluding six international centres)
Frequency of ExaminationAnnual
Number of Questions in Each Paper65
Number of Papers for GATE29 (Two new Subject papers added)
Total Marks of Examination100
Number of Test Takers858,890
Validity of GATE Score/Grade3 years
GATE 2022 Website

List of GATE Papers and their code:

Aerospace EngineeringAE
Agricultural EngineeringAG
Architecture and PlanningAR
Biomedical EngineeringBM
Civil EngineeringCE
Chemical EngineeringCH
Computer Science & Information TechnologyCS
Electronics and Communication EngineeringEC
Electrical EngineeringEE
Engineering SciencesXE
Petroleum EngineeringPE
Geology and GeophysicsGG
Instrumentation EngineeringIN
Life SciencesXL
Mechanical EngineeringME
Mining EngineeringMN
Metallurgical EngineeringMT
Production and Industrial EngineeringPI
Textile Engineering & Fibre ScienceTF
Ecology and EvolutionEY
Environmental Science and EngineeringES
Humanities and Social SciencesXH
Geomatics EngineeringGE
Naval Architecture and Marine EngineeringNM


GATE 2022 notification release date31 July 2021
GATE 2022 application form30 August 2021
Last date to register for GATE 202224 September 2021
Last date to change Category, Paper & Exam city with the additional fee12 November 2021
Last Date to Apply with Late Fees (Extended)1 October 2021
GATE 2022 admit card release date3 January 2022
GATE 2022 exam date5, 6, 12, and 13 February 2022
GATE 2022 answer key3rd week of February 2022
GATE 2022 result date17 March 2022


Educational Qualification:

A candidate must own either of the mentioned qualification(s). However, the educational qualification criteria have been relaxed for GATE 2022. You must have a minimum qualification of 10+2+3. Students studying in the 3rd or terminal years of any undergraduate degree are now acceptable for the exam. Also, students who have previously completed any degree program recognized by the government in Technology, Engineering, Architecture, Science, Commerce or Arts are qualified to appear for the GATE 2022.

  • B.Arch.
  • BE/B. Tech/B. Pharma
  • B.Sc. (Research)/B.S
  • M.Sc./M.A./MCA or equivalent
  • Professional Society Examination (equivalent to B. Tech/B.E./B. Arch)
  • Integrated M.E/M.Tech (Post – B.Sc.)
  • Integrated M.E./M.Tech or Dual Degree (after Diploma or 10+2)
  • Integrated M.Sc./Integrated B.S-M.S

Candidates pursuing or have passed their graduation in either Technology, Engineering, Architecture, Commerce or Arts, Science in a relevant discipline can apply for the course.

Pass Percentage:

No specific minimum pass percentage is demanded.

Age Limit:

No precise age limit is required.


You should be a native Indian to apply for GATE 2022. Candidates belonging to Bangladesh, Nepal, Singapore, Ethiopia, Sri Lanka & the United Arab Emirates also can for GATE 2022.

Eligibility Criteria for International Students:

Candidates living in Singapore, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Ethiopia, & the United Arab Emirates are eligible to apply for GATE 2022. Candidates from these countries must be in their final year/ the pre-final year of their bachelor's degree in engineering & technology/ equivalent, or candidates must have completed their degree.


For Examination Centres in India:

CategoryOn or Before the given due dateDuring the Extended Period
SC/PwD*/ST category candidates₹ 750₹ 750
Female candidates₹ 750₹ 1250
All other candidates₹ 1500₹ 2000

For Examination Centres outside India:

CentresOn or Before the given due dateDuring the Extended Period
Dubai & SingaporeUS$ 100US$ 120
Colombo, Addis Ababa, Dhaka & KathmanduUS$ 50US$ 70


  • Register from GOAPS.
  • Fill the application form for GATE 2022.
  • Upload the asked documents like your photograph & a signature.
  • Make the GATE 2022 fee payment.
  • Click on the submit button.


IIT Kharagpur presents the GATE application form 2022 correction for a certain period. Candidates need to log in to GOAPS 2022 portal for modifications. Registered candidates can use the means of application form correction to redress the errors. Candidates can make changes in DOB, name, contact, university or degree. Details such as exam paper, city, category, gender & applicant details may not open for correction.


The GATE organizing authority shall issue the GATE 2022 admit card for the applicants 15-20 days before the examination date. To get your GATE admit card, you need your GOAPS Enrollment ID & password. Make sure you take the admit card at the examination hall; entry to the exam hall is strictly prohibited without the admit card. Candidates can note the steps given below to download their admit cards.

  • Visit the official website of GATE.
  • Enter your enrollment number & password.
  • Click on GATE Log in.
  • Then, click on the GATE admit card download link.
  • Admit cards shall be downloaded.
  • Save it & take a printout to be taken while appearing for the exam.


The selection process for GATE 2022 consists of a Computer-Based test following a counselling session.


SectionSelected Subject, General Aptitude (GA)
Type of QuestionsMultiple Select Questions (MSQs), Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) & Numerical Answer Type (NAT) Questions.
Design of QuestionsTests the listed abilities: Analysis, Application, Recall, Comprehension, Synthesis.
Number of Questions65 Questions (including ten questions from General Aptitude)
Distribution of Questions in all Papers except CY, AR, EY, GG, MA, PH & XLSubject Questions - 72 Marks, Engineering Mathematics - 13 Marks, General Aptitude - 15 Marks.
Distribution of Questions in MA, AR, CY, EY, GG, PH, XH & XLGeneral Aptitude - 15 Marks, Questions from Subject Concerned - 85 Marks.
Total Marks100 Marks

GATE 2022 marking scheme:

Paper CodeTotal Time (Minutes)General Aptitude (GA) MarksTotal MarksSubject Marks
AE, BM, BT, CE, AG, CH, CS, CY, EE, ES, EY, EC, IN, MA, ME, MT, NM, PE, MN, PH, PI, TF, ST1801510085
GE [Part A + Part B (Section I or Section II)1801510055 + 30
AR [Part A + Part B (B1: Architecture or B2: Planning)]1801510060 + 25
GG [Part A + Part B (Section 1: Geology or Section 2: Geophysics)]1801510025 + 60
XH (Section B1 + Any ONE Section)1801510025 +
XE (Section A + Any TWO Sections)1801510015 + (2 x 35)
XH (Section B1 + Any ONE Section)1801510025 + 60


GATE Mechanical Engineering syllabus:

Applied Mechanics & DesignMechanics of Materials, Engineering Mechanics, Machine Design, Theory of Machines, Vibrations.
Engineering MathematicsLinear Algebra, Differential Equations, Calculus, Complex Variables, Numerical Methods, Probability & Statistics.
Fluid Mechanics & Thermal SciencesHeat-Transfer, Fluid Mechanics, Thermodynamics, Applications.
Materials, Manufacturing & Industrial EngineeringCasting, Forming & Joining Processes, Engineering Materials, Machining & Machine Tool Operations, Metrology & Inspection, Production Planning & Control, Inventory Control, Computer Integrated Manufacturing, Operations Research.
Fluid Mechanics & Thermal SciencesHeat-Transfer, Fluid Mechanics, Applications, Thermodynamics.

GATE Electrical Engineering syllabus:

Engineering MathematicsTransform Theory, Differential Equations, Linear Algebra, Numerical Methods, Complex Variables, Calculus, Probability & Statistics.
Electric CircuitsIdeal current & voltage sources, Network graph, Thevenin's theorem, Transient response of DC & AC networks, Norton's theorem, Passive filters, Resonance, Two‐port networks, Three-phase circuits, Sinusoidal steady‐state analysis, Superposition theorem, KCL, KVL, Node & Mesh analysis, Maximum power transfer theorem.
Electromagnetic FieldsSelf & Mutual inductance of simple configurations, Electric Field Intensity, Coulomb's Law, Electric Flux Density, Divergence, Gauss's Law, Capacitance of simple configurations, Ampere's law, Biot‐Savart's law, Effect of the dielectric medium, Faraday's law, Curl, Electric field & potential due to point, line, plane & spherical charge distributions, Inductance, Lorentz force, Magnetomotive force, Magnetic circuits, Reluctance.
Signals & SystemsFourier series representation of continuous periodic signals, Applications of Fourier Transform, Representation of continuous & discrete‐time signals, Laplace Transform & z-Transform, Shifting & scaling operations, Linear Time-Invariant & Causal systems, Sampling theorem.
Electrical MachinesThree-phase transformers, Single phase transformer, Auto‐transformers, DC machines, Electromechanical energy conversion principles, Three-phase induction motors, Synchronous machines, Operating principle of single-phase induction motors, Types of losses & efficiency calculations of electric machines.
Power SystemsSeries & shunt compensation, Models and performance of transmission lines & cables, Gauss-Seidel & Newton-Raphson load flow methods, Power factor correction, Voltage & Frequency control, Symmetrical components, Distribution systems, Electric field distribution & insulators, Per‐unit quantities, System stability concepts, Circuit breakers, Bus admittance matrix, Symmetrical & unsymmetrical fault analysis, Power generation concepts, AC & DC transmission concepts, Equal area criterion, Principles of over‐current, differential & distance protection.
Control SystemsRoot loci, Bode plots, Stability analysis, Feedback principle, transfer function, Mathematical modelling & representation of systems, Block diagrams & signal flow graphs, Routh-Hurwitz & Nyquist criteria, Transient & Steady‐state analysis of linear time-invariant systems, Lag, P, PI & PID controllers, Lead & Lead‐Lag compensators, State transition matrix, State-space model.
Electrical & Electronic MeasurementsMeasurement of: current, voltage, power, energy & power factor, Bridges & Potentiometers, Phase, Time & Frequency measurement, Error analysis, Oscilloscopes, Digital voltmeters & multimeters, Instrument transformers.
Analog & Digital ElectronicsBJT, Characteristics of diodes, MOSFET, Amplifiers, Simple diode circuits: clamping, clipping, rectifiers, Biasing, VCOs & Timers, Simple active filters, Combinational & Sequential logic circuits, Equivalent circuit & Frequency response, Multiplexer, Oscillators & Feedback amplifiers, Characteristics & applications, Operational amplifiers, Demultiplexer, Architecture, 8085Microprocessor, Programming & Interfacing, Sample and hold circuits, Schmitt trigger, A/D & D/A converters.
Power ElectronicsBuck, Boost & Buck-Boost converters, Characteristics of semiconductor power devices, Single & three-phase configuration of uncontrolled rectifiers, Bidirectional AC to DC voltage source converters, line commutated thyristor-based converters, Issues of line current harmonics, Distortion factor of AC to DC converters, Diode, Single-phase & three-phase inverters, Thyristor, Sinusoidal pulse width modulation, Triac, DC to DC conversion, GTO, MOSFET, IGBT, Power factor.

GATE Computer Science Engineering syllabus:

Digital Logic, Programming & Data Structures, Engineering Mathematics, Computer Organization & Architecture, Theory of Computation Algorithms, Compiler Design, Databases, Computer Networks, Operating System.

GATE Civil Engineering syllabus:

Engineering MathematicsCalculus, Linear Algebra, Probability & Statistics, Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE), Numerical Methods, Partial Differential Equation (PDE).
Structural EngineeringConcrete Structures, Solid Mechanics, Construction Materials & Management, Structural Analysis, Engineering Mechanics, Steel Structures.
Environmental engineeringWater & Waste Water Quality & Treatment, Air pollution, Municipal Solid Wastes.
Transportation EngineeringTransportation Infrastructure, Traffic Engineering, Highway Pavements
Geotechnical EngineeringFoundation Engineering, Soil Mechanics.
Water Resources EngineeringFluid Mechanics, Irrigation, Hydrology, Hydraulics
Geomatics EngineeringMaps, Principles of surveying, Distance & angle, Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing and more, measurement.

GATE ECE Syllabus:

Engineering MathematicsNumerical Methods, Calculus, Linear Algebra, Probability & Statistics, Vector Analysis, Differential Equations, Complex Analysis.
Networks, Signals & SystemsNetwork solution methods, Continuous-time signals.
Electronic DevicesPoisson & continuity equations; Zener diode, P-N junction, BJT, MOS capacitor, Energy bands in intrinsic & extrinsic silicon; Generation & recombination of carriers; drift current, Carrier transport current, mobility & resistivity; MOSFET, LED.
Analog CircuitsBJTs & MOSFETs, Small signal equivalent circuits of diodes; Single-stage BJT & MOSFET amplifiers: bias stability, biasing, mid-frequency small-signal analysis, Simple diode circuits: clipping, clamping & rectifiers.
ElectromagneticsMaxwell's equations: differential & integral forms & their interpretation, wave equation, Poynting vector, boundary conditions etc.
Digital CircuitsCombinatorial circuits: arithmetic circuits, Boolean algebra, Karnaugh map, minimization of functions using Boolean identities logic gates & their static CMOS implementations, multiplexers, code converters, decoders & PLAs, Number systems.
CommunicationsRandom processes: autocorrelation & power spectral density, properties of white noise, filtering of random signals through LTI systems; Analog communications etc.
Control SystemsTransient & steady-state analysis of LTI systems; Feedback principle; Transfer function; Frequency response; Block diagram representation; Signal flow graph; Routh-Hurwitz & Nyquist stability criteria, Basic control system components etc.


The GATE Result 2022 shall be released after completing the GATE 2022 exam, held in February 2022. To check your result, you must log in credentials (Email ID/ Registration No). If you pass the GATE 2022 exam, you will be able to download your GATE scorecard from the official website itself.


After passing the GATE 2022 examination, you need to appear for the Personal Interview/Group Discussion. The GATE Counselling is executed separately by the participating institutions. CCMT (Centralized Counseling for M. Plan/M. Tech) is attended to get admission in IIT, NIT, & other government institutes. The IITs conduct their own counselling for admission in M. Tech courses. The other state-level universities administer their own counselling.


The cut-off marks for GATE 2022 shall be announced in March 2022. The cut-off of GATE 2022 can resemble the GATE 2021 cut-off until and unless IIT Kharagpur produces a very different question paper. Below is the detailed category-wise cut-off for 2021; candidates must go through it for the idea.



GATE exam Analysis 2021 covers the paper analysis for Mechanical Engineering (ME), Civil Engineering (CE), Information Technology (IT), Electrical Engineering (EE), Computer Science Engineering (CSE).

  • GATE 2021 exam was held from 5 February to 14 February 2021.
  • Each GATE paper consisted of a total of 65 questions of 100 marks each.
  • No negative marking in GATE for NAT.
  • One- third mark was deducted for every incorrect input of one mark.
  • Two- third marks was deducted for every wrong input for two mark questions.

GATE ME 2021 Analysis:

Engineering MathematicsMedium9
General AptitudeMedium10
Theory Of Machines & Vibrationseasy6
Mechanics of MaterialsMedium5
Machine DesignMedium1
Thermodynamics & ApplicationsModerate7
Fluid MechanicsMedium6
Industrial EngineeringModerate4
Engineering MechanicsMedium2
Heat TransferDifficult3

GATE 2021 CSE Analysis:

Discrete MathematicsNo MSQ
Operation Systemfive questions
Theory of Computingseven questions
Algorithmthree questions
Engineering Mathematicssix questions
Computer networksix questions
Engineering Mathematicssix mark questions

GATE 2021 ECE Analysis:

The examination was moderately difficult per GATE paper analysis for Electronics & Communication Engineering (EC). From the following topics, questions were asked:

Control SystemDigital Circuit

GATE 2021 EE Analysis:

Topic2 Mark Questions1 Mark QuestionsTotal weightage
Signal and System328 marks
Electrical Machines328 marks
EMFT226 marks
Analog Electronics113 marks
Power Electronics419 marks
Electrical Circuit4311 marks
Measurement022 marks


  • Prepare notes in your own words after finishing each chapter or subject. Do practice with a maximum number of questions on given topics or subjects that will make you perfect. These habits certainly strengthen your preparations.
  • Analyze your preparation. After completing most mock tests and solving sample papers, it is essential to check & correct all of the wrong answers you mark, ensuring that you will not incorrectly answer the same question next time.
  • It is significant to take good care of your health too. Make sure you eat healthy food & get enough sleep. Less sleep will make it hard for you to study.
  • Please do not call it a day on co-curricular activities. It is vitally important to indulge in things other than learning for a while to revive the mind.


GATE Question papers & Answer keys (IIT Delhi)

GATE Question papers & Answer Keys (IIT Bombay)

GATE Question papers & Answer Keys (IIT Guwahati)

GATE Question papers & Answer Keys (IIT Madras)

GATE Question papers & Answer Keys (IIT Roorkee)


Books for Mechanical Engineering:

Thermal ScienceEngineering Thermodynamics by P.K. Nag
Fluid MechanicsFluid Machines by S. K. Som, Introduction to Fluid Mechanics.
Strength of MaterialsStrength of Materials by Dr. B.C. Punmia, Ashok Kumar Jain, Arun Kumar Jain
ManufacturingProduction Technology by R.K. Jain
Engineering Mechanics & Engineering MaterialEngineering Mechanics by D. H. Young, S. Timoshenko, J. V. Rao, Sukumar Pati
Heat TransferMass Transfer by R. C. Sachdeva & Fundamentals of Engineering Heat.
Engineering Mechanics & Engineering MaterialEngineering Mechanics by S. Timoshenko, D. H. Young, J. V. Rao, Sukumar Pati
Machine DesignDesign of Machine Elements by V Bhandari
AptitudeQuantitative Aptitude For Competitive Examinations by R. S. Aggarwal
Engineering MathematicsHigher Engineering Mathematics by B. S. Grewal

Books for Electrical Engineering:

Signals & SystemsSignals & Systems by Nagoor Kani
Electromagnetic FieldsEngineering Electromagnetics by William H. Hayt
Electrical MachinesElectrical Machinery by P. S Bimbhra
Electrical & Electronic MeasurementsElectrical & Electronic Measurement & Instrumentation by AK Sawhney
Power ElectronicsPower Electronics by MH Rashid
Analog & Digital ElectronicsDigital Design by M. Morris Mano

Books for Computer Science Engineering:

A Top-Down Approachby Kurose & Ross
Discrete Mathematics & Its ApplicationsKenneth Rosen
Database System ConceptsKorth
A Practitioner's ApproachPressman
Principles, Techniques & ToolsAho & Ullman
An Introduction to Formal Languages & AutomataPeter Linz
Introduction to AlgorithmsCormen

Books for Civil Engineering:

Structural AnalysisBasic Structural Analysis (Edition 3) by C. S. Reddy
R.C.C. DesignR.C.C. Designs (Reinforced Concrete Structures) (Edition 3) by Ashok Kumar Jain, B. C. Punmia, Arun Jain
Strength of MaterialsStrength of Materials (Edition 2) by U. C Jindal
Soil Mechanics & Foundation EngineeringBasics & Applied Soil mechanics (Edition 2) by Gopal Ranjan, A. S. R. Rao
Design Of Steel StructuresDesign Of Steel Structures (Edition 3) by S.K Duggal
Fluid Mechanics & Fluid MachinesHydraulics & Fluid Mechanics (Edition 14) by Dr. P. N. Modi, Dr. S.M Seth
SurveyingSurveying (vol. 1,2,3) by Ashok Jain, B. C. Punia, Arun Jain
Highway EngineeringHighway Engineering by C. E. G. Justo, S. K. Khanna
Engineering HydrologyEngineering Hydrology (Edition 4) by K Subramanya
Engineering MathematicsHigher Engineering Mathematics - Edition 43 by B.S. Grewal
Irrigation EngineeringIrrigation Engineering & Hydraulic Structures (Edition 1)- S. K Garg
AptitudeA Modern Approach to Verbal & Non-Verbal Reasoning by R. S. Aggarwal

Books for CSE:

Signals & SystemsSignals & Systems (Edition 2) by Alan S. Willsky, Alan V. Oppenheim, S. Hamid Nawab
Analog CircuitsMicroelectronic Circuits: Theory & Applications (Edition 6) by Adel S. Sedra, Kenneth C. Smith
Control SystemsAutomatic Control Systems (Edition 9) by Benjamin C. Kuo
ElectromagneticsPrinciples of Electromagnetics (Edition 4) by Mathew N.O. Sadiku.


Start early: Starting preparing for the GATE 2022 examination in the early phase helps you plan your studies & a suitable material, which one must have to crack the GATE 2022 examination.

Get thorough with the Syllabus & Exam Pattern: You must go through the exam Syllabus & pattern, as your preparation will be based entirely on these two things. Good knowledge of the exam pattern gives you an idea about how to move ahead with GATE exam preparation. GATE has many types of questions, viz. MCQs, MSQs & NATs & also consists of critical areas.

Know the weightage of your vital subjects: Information about the topic distribution in the question paper is an excellent strategy to be adapted. It helps you know the weightage of strong & weak areas & help you prepare accordingly. You can go through the previous question papers to see the weightage of portions &, consequently, concentrate on those topics which appear to have more questions & weightage in the question paper.

Usage of Reference Books is necessary: Many books are often named for sources by previous toppers, which would help GATE preparation. While the students can use the textbooks for studying, it is recommended that extra books be looked into to boost & make your concepts strong.

Focus on Engineering Mathematics & Aptitude Test: If prepared well, you can secure well in these two compulsory sections of the GATE 2022. Since these two subjects constitute essential topics, you can prepare well & raise your scores. While students can study mathematics along the lines of Engineering, they can prepare the section of general aptitude through newspapers & the past papers of other competitive examinations such as CAT & more.

Revision is the Principal Keyword: The most critical part of preparing for GATE Exam 2022 is often revising. One should not be under any impression that revision will be done once the whole syllabus is finished. It's entirely wrong to revise after studying any topics or concepts or subjects not to forget what was absorbed. The revision will help in the understanding of the topics or concepts & make you more competent. It is also prudent to make notes that you can refer to later near the exam during revision. Also, solve the last 20 years' paper & check with solutions to avoid minor blunders. Doing this contributes highly to your preparation.

Prepare yourselves for the prestigious GATE 2022 with high spirits, grab your chance to make it to the high-esteemed IITs/NITs. Best wishes from our team!